Top 10 Things to Buy When Getting Guinea Pigs for the First Time

Top 10 Things to Buy When Getting Guinea Pigs for the First Time

Guinea pigs are delightful pets that bring joy and companionship to many homes. However, before bringing these adorable creatures home, it’s important to be prepared. This guide will walk you through the top 10 essential items you need when getting guinea pigs for the first time. By ensuring you have these items, you’ll provide a comfortable and healthy environment for your new furry friends.

1. Spacious Cage

A spacious cage is the most important element of a happy guinea pig’s life and it’s where they will spend a lot of time. Guinea pigs need plenty of room to move around, explore, and exercise. Opt for a cage that provides at least 7.5 square feet of space for two guinea pigs. The more space you can offer, the better! Don’t be tempted by the cages offered in pet shops, they are rarely big enough and so many piggy parents end up having to replace them for something larger and more suitable like a C&C cage. Don’t forget a pet safe cage cleaner too! We like to use white vinegar and water at a ratio of 50:50 infused with lemons to neutralise the vinegar smell!

Why It Matters:

– Health: A larger cage helps prevent obesity and promotes physical activity.

– Mental Well-being: More space means more room for toys and hideys, reducing stress.

2. Quality Hay

Hay is an essential part of a guinea pig’s diet and should be available at all times. It aids in digestion and helps keep their teeth in check. Check out the quality of hay at your local farm! We get a bale for £4 and the guinea pigs love it!

Types of Hay:

– Timothy Hay: The most recommended type due to its balanced nutrition.

– Orchard Grass: A softer alternative that’s also nutritious.

Why It Matters:

– Digestive Health: High fiber content aids in proper digestion.

– Dental Health: Chewing hay helps wear down their constantly growing teeth.

3. Nutrient-Rich Nuggets

In addition to hay, guinea pigs require specially formulated nuggets (pellets) that provide essential vitamins and minerals. Avoid the muesli style feed as this often leads to selective feeding.

What to Look For:

– Vitamin C Enriched: Guinea pigs cannot produce Vitamin C on their own.

– No Added Sugars or Artificial Colors: These can be harmful over time.

Why It Matters:

– Balanced Diet: Nuggets ensure they get all necessary nutrients.

– Convenience: Easy way to supplement their diet alongside fresh vegetables.

4. Water Bottles

Hydration is key for any pet’s health, and guinea pigs are no exception. A reliable water bottle ensures they always have access to fresh water.

Features to Consider:

– Leak-Proof Design: Prevents messes in the cage.

– Easy Refill Mechanism: Makes it simple to maintain daily water supply.

Why It Matters:

– Health: Proper hydration supports overall health.

– Cleanliness: Water bottles are more hygienic than bowls which can easily get contaminated with bedding or food particles.

5. Food Bowls

While nuggets can be scattered on the floor of the cage, using food bowls keeps things tidy and makes it easier to see how much your guinea pigs are eating.

Types of Bowls:

– Heavy Ceramic Bowls: Harder for guinea pigs to tip over.

– Stainless Steel Bowls: Durable and easy to clean.

Why It Matters:

– Hygiene: Keeps food off the floor where it can mix with bedding or waste.

– Monitoring Intake: Helps track how much each guinea pig is eating.

6. Comfortable Bedding

Bedding plays a crucial role in keeping your guinea pig’s living environment clean and comfortable. Choose bedding that is absorbent, dust-free, and safe for small animals.

Popular Options:

– Paper-Based Bedding: Highly absorbent and soft.

– Fleece Liners: Reusable option that’s easy on sensitive feet when paired with an absorbent layer underneath. 

Why It Matters:

– Comfort & Health: Proper bedding reduces odors and prevents respiratory issues caused by dust.

7. Hideys (Hideouts)

Guinea pigs are prey animals by nature so they need places where they can feel safe and secure within their cage.

Types of Hideys:

– Plastic Igloos ( can overheat if used outside in summer )

– Wooden Houses

Why It Matters:

– Stress Reduction: Providing hideouts helps reduce stress levels significantly by offering them a sense of security

– Mental Stimulation: Different types encourage exploration

8.Toys & Chew Items

Toys not only keep your pets entertained but also help maintain dental health

Types Of Toys:

– Chew Sticks

– Tunnels

Why it matters:

Mental stimulation: Keeps them engaged preventing boredom related behaviors like chewing on cages

Dental health: Helps wear down teeth naturally preventing overgrowth issues

9.Grooming Supplies

Regular grooming keeps fur clean while allowing you check skin conditions regularly

Essential Grooming Tools:

-Soft Brush

-Nail Clippers

Why it matters:

Hygiene: Regular grooming prevents matting while keeping fur clean

Bonding Time: Grooming sessions serve as bonding moments strengthening trust between owner & pet

10.Veterinary Care Essentials

Having basic veterinary supplies ensures you’re prepared minor health issues arise before professional help arrives

Basic Veterinary Kit:

-Nail Clippers

-Styptic powder ( can be applied to Guinea pig’s nails to stop bleeding)


-Syringe (for administering medicine)

-Small Pet Carrier

Why it matters:

Emergency Preparedness: Being equipped handle minor injuries/illnesses promptly could make significant difference during emergencies

By investing these essentials upfront, you’ll create optimal living conditions ensuring the long-term happiness & well-being of your piggies.


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